Still, in Book I Aristotle is laying the foundation in his moral psychology for showing the link between the moral virtues and happiness. So peculiar to Plato that anyone else subscribing to it is Aristotles moral theory a Platonist, the theory of forms has a dramatic impact on his moral theory.
All of these are unimpeded activities of a natural state. Latin text with old-fashioned and not always philosophically precise English translation. According to Aristotle, the virtuous habit of action is always an intermediate state between the opposed vices of excess and deficiency: So, insofar as virtue consists in imitating the forms, it is also a state of the soul best expressed by exercising rule in the city — or at least in the ideal city.
During the deliberative process, individual actions are evaluated in light of the good, and the best among them is then chosen for implementation.
Then, in the last of the contests, Socrates makes an ontological distinction between true pleasure of the soul and less true pleasure of the body. He has some degree of recognition that he must not do this now, but not full recognition. Here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life.
Some desires are empty or groundless and others are natural; the natural are further subdivided into the merely natural and the necessary. The first feature of Socratic teaching is its heroic quality. These analogies can be taken to mean that the form of akrasia Aristotles moral theory Aristotle calls weakness rather than impetuosity always results from some diminution of cognitive or intellectual acuity at the moment of action.
It consists in those lifelong activities that actualize the virtues of the rational part of the soul. He is not making the tautological claim that wrongful sexual activity is wrong, but the more specific and contentious point that marriages ought to be governed by a rule of strict fidelity.
And he clearly indicates that it is possible for an akratic person to be defeated by a weak pathos—the kind that most people would easily be able to control a9—b He condemned love of money, praised good men, and held love to be the occupation of the idle DL VI 50— But being healthy generally conforms with nature's plans for the lives of animals and plants, so it is preferable to be healthy, and one should try to preserve and maintain one's health.
For instance, he would follow the traditional laws about pious and good living, accepting these laws as the way things appear to him to be in matters of piety and goodness but claiming no knowledge. Although it really is a pleasure and so something can be said in its favor, it is so inferior to other goods that ideally one ought to forego it.
To keep such destructive inner forces at bay, we need to develop the proper habits and emotional responses when we are children, and to reflect intelligently on our aims when we are adults.While moral theory does not invent morality, or even reflection on it, it does try to bring systematic thinking to bear on the phenomenon.
Ancient moral theory, however, does not attempt to be a comprehensive account of all the phenomena that fall under the heading of morality. Jun 30, · Key Concepts of the Philosophy of Aristotle. Updated on October 15, Robephiles.
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Aristotle’s ethics do not deviate greatly from Plato’s in that they are agent-centered ethics, in which the moral agent determines the right moral action. Aristotle thought that no rules or appeal to consequences could possibly Reviews: 2.
In Aristotle's Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature, Hope May defends two main theses. First, ethical virtue (which includes both the virtues of thought and character) is a developmental prerequisite for contemplative excellence (and, hence, for eudaimonia).
Moral virtue cannot be achieved abstractly — it requires moral action in a social environment. Ethics and politics are closely related, for politics is the science of creating a society in which men can live the good life and develop their full potential. Aristotle's ethics is a common sense ethics built on naturalism and self-realization.
Of all the classical theories considered here, his is the farthest from an ethics of self-interest.
Aristotle's Ethics. Moral virtue, or excellence of character, is the disposition (Grk hexis) to act excellently, which a person develops partly as a result of his upbringing, and partly as a result of his habit of action.Download